Recombinant Tet1 protein
使用方法Recombinant Tet1 protein is suitable for use in cytosine oxygenase assays. A good starting point is 0.5 to 5 μg of enzyme per assay incubated with 0.5 μg of substrate in 50 mM HEPES, pH 8, 50 μM Fe(NH4)2(SO4)2, 2 mM ascorbate, and 1 mM alpha-ketoglutarate for 3 hr at 37°C.
NOTE:Reaction buffers should made fresh.
背景Ten-eleven Translocation Gene Protein 1 (Tet1) is a DNA-binding protein that modulates DNA methylation and gene transcription via hydroxylation of 5-methylcytosine (5-mC). Tet1 is a cytosine oxygenase that catalyzes the conversion of the modified genomic base 5-mC into 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC). Methylation at the C5 position of cytosine is an epigenetic modification of the mammalian genome that plays an important role in transcriptional regulation. Tet1 is responsible for initiating the enzymatic deamination process leading to cytosine demethylation. Tet1 preferentially binds to CpG-rich sequences at the promoters of both transcriptionally active and Polycomb-repressed genes and modulates gene silencing induced by cytosine methylation by controlling the levels of 5-mC and 5-hmC at gene promoters. Tet1 may have the dual function of repressing the expression of a subset of genes through recruitment of transcriptional repressors to promoters. Tet1 is important for stem cell maintenance and specification and is involved in the balance between pluripotency and lineage commitment.
存放说明Recombinant proteins in solution are temperature sensitive and must be stored at -80°C to prevent degradation. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles and keep on ice when not in storage.
外观25 µg recombinant Tet1 protein expressed in E. coli supplied in a buffer of 20 mM Tris 8.0, 300 mM NaCl, 2 mM DTT and 5% glycerol.